Electric and hybrid cars both use technology designed to reduce the use of gasoline to power car engines. Electric cars are fully electric, which means that they must be connected and charged and that the range of the car is limited to the charge. Hybrid cars use a mixture of gas and electricity to create a low-gas partially electric car with a less limited range. Some hybrid car owners have further modified their cars to run entirely on electricity, except in emergency situations, in which case the drivers use gasoline.
At the turn of the twentieth century, most cars were actually electric. The cars ran quietly and efficiently and had reasonably good distances. For a variety of reasons, the gasoline-powered internal combustion engine has surpassed electric cars in popularity: in the 1920s, most cars were gas-powered. The electric car faded from public popularity until the late 1960s, when concerns about a growing oil crisis and emissions prompted several companies to produce electric cars again, albeit on a small scale. The cars captured a small fraction of the market share and slowly grew in popularity and in the public eye.
Dependence on foreign oil and environmental awareness in the late 1990s prompted some car owners to convert their gasoline-powered cars to electricity, and automakers began making electric cars a larger part of their range. . Modern electric cars are comparable to gasoline-powered ones in terms of speed, and many of them have long distances that can be increased at charging stations along the way. Even electric cars do not pollute and can be powered using clean energy such as wind or hydroelectric energy. For this reason, they appeal to many eco-conscious consumers.
Consumers feeling limited by electric cars have turned to hybrid cars like the Honda Insight and Toyota Prius. Many car manufacturers are including hybrids in their range to satisfy people who would like the clean energy of an electric car without the hassle of managing recharging and range. A hybrid car has a conventional gasoline engine and a bank of rechargeable batteries that charge while the car is running. When the driver makes limited demands on the car’s power, such as driving around town or idling at traffic lights, the car runs on electricity stored in the batteries. When the driver requires a burst of energy or is driving at high speeds, the gasoline engine starts.
A hybrid car is a more environmentally sound choice than a conventional petrol car, but it still has environmental problems. Although most hybrids are low-polluting, they increase the overall emissions burden created by gas-powered cars. For people who aren’t ready to make the leap into an electric car or find it impossible in their areas, a hybrid is a great choice. Electric cars, on the other hand, are totally non-polluting and do not rely on gasoline, making them a better choice. People who feel truly passionate about the environment can continue walking, cycling and taking public transport.